The Hello Girls America S First Women Soldiers

Author: Elizabeth Cobbs
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674971477
Size: 79.15 MB
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This is the story of how America’s first women soldiers helped win World War I, earned the vote, and fought the U.S. Army. In 1918, the U.S. Army Signal Corps sent 223 women to France. They were masters of the latest technology: the telephone switchboard. General John Pershing, commander of the American Expeditionary Forces, demanded female “wire experts” when he discovered that inexperienced doughboys were unable to keep him connected with troops under fire. Without communications for even an hour, the army would collapse.

While suffragettes picketed the White House and President Woodrow Wilson struggled to persuade a segregationist Congress to give women of all races the vote, these competent and courageous young women swore the Army oath. Elizabeth Cobbs reveals the challenges they faced in a war zone where male soldiers welcomed, resented, wooed, mocked, saluted, and ultimately celebrated them. They received a baptism by fire when German troops pounded Paris with heavy artillery. Some followed “Black Jack” Pershing to battlefields where they served through shelling and bombardment. Grace Banker, their 25-year-old leader, won the Distinguished Service Medal.

The army discharged the last Hello Girls in 1920, the same year Congress ratified the Nineteenth Amendment granting the ballot. When the operators sailed home, the army unexpectedly dismissed them without veterans’ benefits. They began a sixty-year battle that a handful of survivors carried to triumph in 1979. With the help of the National Organization for Women, Senator Barry Goldwater, and a crusading Seattle attorney, they triumphed over the U.S. Army.


The Hello Girls

Author: Elizabeth Cobbs
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674971477
Size: 55.46 MB
Format: PDF
View: 2037
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In 1918 the U.S. Army Signal Corps sent 223 women to France to help win World War I. Elizabeth Cobbs reveals the challenges these patriotic young women faced in a war zone where male soldiers resented, wooed, mocked, saluted, and ultimately ...

The Hello Girls

Author: Elizabeth Cobbs
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674978544
Size: 49.74 MB
Format: PDF
View: 408
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In 1918 the U.S. Army Signal Corps sent 223 women to France to help win World War I. Elizabeth Cobbs reveals the challenges these patriotic young women faced in a war zone where male soldiers resented, wooed, mocked, saluted, and ultimately ...

The Second Line Of Defense

Author: Lynn Dumenil
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469631229
Size: 19.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Telling the stories of a diverse group of women, including African Americans, dissidents, pacifists, reformers, and industrial workers, Dumenil analyzes both the roadblocks and opportunities they faced.

Mobilizing Minerva

Author: Kimberly Jensen
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 0252074963
Size: 68.74 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The case for woman suffrage, economic equality, and citizenship in WWI

It S My Country Too

Author: Jerri Bell
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 161234934X
Size: 50.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This inspiring anthology is the first to convey the rich experiences and contributions of women in the American military in their own words from the Revolutionary War to the present wars in the Middle East.

All Night Party

Author: Andrea Barnet
Publisher: Algonquin Books
ISBN: 1565127021
Size: 47.10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This is a history of the early feminists who didn't set out to be feminists, a celebration of the rebellious women who paved the way for future generations.

Women In Civil War Texas

Author: Deborah M. Liles
Publisher: University of North Texas Press
ISBN: 1574416510
Size: 64.95 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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These essays develop the historical understanding of what it meant to be a Texas woman during the Civil War and also contribute to a deeper understanding of the complexity of the war and its effects.

American Umpire

Author: Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674073835
Size: 16.40 MB
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In American Umpire Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman asserts instead that America has performed the role of umpire since 1776, compelling adherence to rules that gradually earned broad approval, and violating them as well.

The Hamilton Affair

Author: Elizabeth Cobbs
Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.
ISBN: 1628727233
Size: 66.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Then you’ll want to read The Hamilton Affair by Elizabeth Cobbs. Now a New York Times, this is an entertaining novel that has gotten great endorsements from Joseph Ellis, Cokie Roberts, Kurt Anderson, and Jim Leher.

Walking On Fire

Author: Beverly Bell
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801487484
Size: 20.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In Walking on Fire, Beverly Bell, an activist and an expert on Haitian social movements, brings together thirty-eight oral histories from a diverse group of Haitian women.